ASLpah.com | Volume 1, Issue 3, September 2003 | William G. Vicars Ed.D., Editor
Research Without a Library
A student writes:
I'm taking an internet-based ASL course and I am miles away from any viable library with deaf or ASL-related
linguistic books. The instructor has stated that we could not use articles unless we were
able site them properly. Could you give me some ideas on how you would overcome the situation that we are in when it comes to
getting proper ASL Linguistic information for the research paper?
In response to your first question: You can use "internet" articles for your
research as long as you cite them.
To help you find some decent "citable" articles, here are some sites that can help:
JournalSearch.com Searching Articles from Magazine and Journal Publications
MagPortal.com - Magazine Article Search Engine : http://www.magportal.com/
Search Electronic Journals://scholar.lib.vt.edu/ejournals/ej-search.html
The above sites should turn up plenty of citable resources. For example, I
used the findarticles.com site and typed in "American Sign Language
grammar." The server located 577,034 related articles.
Once you've found your articles then you can cite them properly by following
the APA guidlines for electronic citations.
You can find the guidelines online at:
Expanding Communication Options
Hello Bill: I'm an Educational Assistant in the public school system. I
work with a 6yr boy who is mute. I knew some basic signs from being around
my two deaf cousins and plus I have always been interested in learning
sign language. When I started to use one sign at a time ex: sit, book just
the classroom signs he started to say these words to me. I do not have the
confident to speak a long full sentence to this child yet. I also do not
think that he would understand a full sentence. I have look over your
lesson plan and this has really help me, it's a great site. I am
purchasing you cd, do you have any suggestion that would be useful to me,
if so please let me know. should I start to use sentence with this child?
I am hoping by me learning more sign language that other EA'S and
recourse teachers will take the interest in learning signs too. I am going
to be working with thus student in SEPT again so i am hoping to make more
improvements with him so the staff will realize how much signing can help
high needs children. I'm hoping to start a book with this child and for an
Autism child with the pictures of sign and words so they will be able to
show people what they would like. Thanks for your site.
Sorry for the delay in returning your email. I was moving from Texas to
California. As it is I'm typing this from a hotel room.
You asked regarding the instruction of a 6yr old child whether you should
use full sentences, etc.
My response is that you should indeed use full sentences. But, understand,
an ASL sentence is full without needing all of the English fillers. ASL
doesn't use signs like "is, am, are, was, were, be, being, been" etc. So
just sign the main words that get your point across, use plenty of facial
expressions, "body language," and a bit of mime here and there. The
communication will happen as long as you make the effort. Later perhaps you
can take an ASL course and you will see what I mean.
Challenge him at every opportunity. Expect a lot from him and you will get
more than if you settle for low expectations.
Perhaps you local library has additional sign language books and videos that
could be borrowed for free.
extent it is appropriate you should get the parents involved in the signing
process. Please do send a note home with your student inviting them to
contact you and discuss their son's communication. You might even
suggest they visit Lifeprint.com to help out with learning ASL.
Best wishes in your signing endeavors.
A Child Who Doesn't Speak
person writes from Utah:
_____ just turned 3 in July.
not speak, I had him tested with the school district. Hearing was not my
concern, it was communication, however my husband and I were told that he is
hearing impaired, and that is the reason for his lack of speech.
opinion he hears just fine, I very seldom have to repeat anything to him. He did
fail his hearing test at birth, but we were told it was probably due to fluid
from being born. I do have an appointment with a private audiologist.
your opinion on what route I should take, and I would also like to know your
opinion on how well/bad the programs through the school district are. Thanks for
your time. I would appreciate any advice you would like to give.
(name on file).
The first thing I'd do is contact the Utah Parent Center and tell them what you
told me in your email.
Utah Parent Center
2290 East 4500 South, Suite#110
Salt Lake City, UT 84117-4428
Toll Free: 1-800-468-1160 voice or TDD
Helen Post - firstname.lastname@example.org
Seek their advice. They have been in this business for many years and are very
balanced and knowledgeable.
Next I'd contact the Ski-Hi institute, and tell them your story and ask for
The SKI-HI Institute
6500 Old Main Hill, Logan, UT 84322-6500
Tel: (435) 797-5600, Fax: (435) 797-5580
I'd also contact the Parent Infant Program coordinator at the Utah Schools for
the Deaf and the Blind 742 Harrison Blvd.
Ogden, UT 84404 - 5298 Telephone: (801) 629 - 4743 or (800) 990 - 9328.
I haven't called those numbers lately so I hope they are current. If not, you
can get them from 411 I reckon.
You might want to contact "Head Start" program for your school district.
Lastly, I'd contact your local branch of the Division of Vocational
Rehabilitation Services and determine the extent to which he qualifies for their
VocRehab paid for my first year of college and has been very helpful over
I recommend you visit the library and check out books on hearing loss. Strive
to become an expert on it because you will have many "experts" try to tell you
what to do. Someone once told my mother to put "tubes" in my ears. That was
stupid advice. I have a sensorineural hearing loss, not a conductive
loss caused by fluid buildup. Mom had the common sense/intuition to not
follow the "advice"--for which I'm grateful.
Seems to me you have the same common sense about your son. So follow your
instincts and don't necessarily trust the doctors to know your son. You live
with him so you know him better than they do.
But I'd keep going to doctors and specialists until I got some decent answers
(while keeping in mind that some of them try to tell you "whatever" even though
they may not have a clue. Eventually you will find one or two audiologists and
specialists who know what they are talking about in regard to your son. Have
the aforementioned organizations recommend professionals who are knowledgeable
in areas like aphasia.
Now, if it were me, I'd certainly teach the kid how to use sign language and
then I'd use it with him and voice to him at the same time. But that may not
work for you due to time constraints and other factors.
[Note to readers: When
you sign and voice at the same time you are not using "ASL." Instead you
are using what is called "contact language." There are those who will tell
you this is a bad thing. My response is that you need to look at what is going
to work for that family and that individual child before you decide what is good
and bad. Parents don't all of the sudden "know" ASL just because they give
birth to a deaf child. It would be silly to put off signing to the child
until the parents are skilled in ASL. My suggestion is to start
communicating NOW with everything you can, in as many ways as you can so as to
build up the child's cognitive ability. If you already know ASL, then by
all means sign ASL to your child from the crib. But if you don't know ASL
then use what you do know and switch to ASL as your skill progresses.]
American Sign Language University ™
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